Female literacy falls shortly in India


Posted By : Learnersmall Blogger

Posted On : 25-Oct-16

Comments : 0

Like : 1


According to a new study, India’s school education system is under-performing in terms of quality in female literacy when compared to its neighbours, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal.

These findings recently have been released in a blog-post by New York-based International Commission on Financing Global Education Opportunity (or Education Commission).

Ranks of India & the neighbour countries:

Country

Rank

Nepal

3

Pakistan

8

Bangladesh

24

India

38

 

Adult female literacy by highest grade attained:

Country

Grades

No schooling

2nd grade

4th grade

5th grade

Nepal

11%

47%

80%

92%

Pakistan

3%

31%

57%

74%

Bangladesh

1%

8%

36%

54%

India

1%

15%

33%

48%

 (Source: Education Commission; DHS rounds since 2000)

The data also revealed that, female literacy rates went up by one to 15% after completing two years of schooling. Corresponding numbers for Pakistan and Nepal were three to 31% and 11 to 47% respectively. African countries Rwanda, Ethiopia and Tanzania all rank higher than India. India was ranked 38th among the 51 developing countries for female literacy rates when countries are ranked by earliest grade at which at least of the women are literate.

Around the world, female literacy rates are improving. However, it is not clear if that is because of improvement in school quality. India ranks low in global indices of female literacy as well.

System of the survey:

Researchers had devised a way to measure the quality of education around the world, with a specific focus on girls. They had used data from nationally representative Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) which is one of the most comparable data sources on living standards in developing world.

According to the report , it has been seen that over the years, most countries studied made improvements in the number of girls finishing primary school, which should lead to more literate women. But for girls who don’t finish primary school, the trend is not encouraging: researchers found that little to no progress has been made in increasing basic literacy for the girls who drop out.

Reasons behind low female literacy rate in India:

  • The negative attitude of society and parents towards the girl child and her education, especially in the rural areas. Though government is putting efforts to make the primary education free but still parents are not ready to send their girls to school.
  • Poverty is the root cause of many problems in India and also of low female literacy rate.
  • In most of the rural areas lack of easy accessibility to school is another reason for low female literacy rate.Some of the schools are really in pathetic conditions and do not have even basic facilities. As per a survey, 54% of schools in Uttar Pradesh do not have water facility and 80% do not have latrine facilities. Even some schools do not have enough rooms to accommodate all the students
  • Another barrier to female education in India is the lack of female teachers. As India is a gender segregated society, it is a very important factor in the low female literacy rate in India.

Every woman has the right to be educated. Economic empowerment and independence will only come through proper education and employment of women.

An educated woman can not only prosper her own life but also can be the source of inspiration for millions of young girls who make them their role-models.The educated women should insist on exercising their civil, social, political and economic rights. This will help improve the overall condition of women in the society.



Comments


Give a Reply

Your Comment has been submitted for admin approval